As I stated earlier, when you put all of those squares together —cannabis + cannabinoids + terpenes + flavonoids— then you can make a quilt that covers your entire body, make up the whole flower cannabis plants you consume in various delivery methods. Let's examine each separate square of our cannabis quilt.
The individual squares of fabric equal cannabis for our quilt, i.e. size, thickness, style,and effectiveness for finished product. We need to incorporate that Entourage Effect discussed earlier to guide our path to success. Here are the basics to help you visualize.
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-Sativas are known for their “head high,” an invigorating, energizing effect that can help reduce anxiety or stress and increase creativity and focus.
-Indicas are typically associated with full-body effects or "couch lock," an increasing deep relaxation, relieving muscle spasticity, and reducing insomnia.
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The type or material of fabric squares equals cannabinoids in our quilt— i.e. cotton, leather, denim, polyester, or corduroy.
LAYER 2: CANNABINOIDS —
There are over 480 natural components found within the Cannabis sativa plant, of which 66 have been classified as "cannabinoids;" chemicals unique to the plant. The effects of THC, the most researched, are believed to be moderated by the influence of the other components of the plant, most particularly the cannabinoids. The cannabinoids are separated into subclasses.
The major subclasses are listed below, but are not limited to this list:
"Terpenes and cannabinoids (such as CBD and THC) work together to maximize benefits in the body. Lab and patient-based studies reveal that while CBD or THC can work alone for some symptoms, they can often create better outcomes in combination," as reported by Leafly's terpene section.
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The various designs on our fabric squares equal terpenes, i.e. plaid, floral, striped, plain, argyle prints.
LAYER 3: TERPENES —
According to Leafly's website:
"Secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD, terpenes are aromatic oils that color cannabis varieties with distinctive flavors like citrus, berry, mint, and pine. Terpenes may play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains."
Terpenes are molecular compounds that are naturally found in plants and insects, manifest themselves most often in the forms of natural oils, and are accompanied by a distinct aroma and viscosity."
Leafly goes on to explain that specific ratios of cannabinoids, together with naturally occurring terpenes, have the potential to cause even better effects for the cannabis consumer. The entourage effect, or ensemble effect, is one of the leading theories currently influencing worldwide cannabis research.
The types of terpenes are listed below but are not limited to the following:
Anti-inflammatory, sleep aid, muscle relaxant, anti-mutagenic. Also found in hops.
Treats acid reflux, anti-anxiety, anti-depressant. Also found in citrus lemon.
Anesthetic, anti-convulsant, analgesic, anti-anxiety. Also found in lavender.
Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, protects cells lining the digestive tract. Also found in black pepper.
5. Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene
Anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator (improves airflow to lungs), aids memory, anti-bacterial. Found in pine needles.
Natural antioxidant, sweet flavoring, potential protective effect against neuropathy. Also found in geraniums.
Anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial properties. Bisabolol is also demonstrated to enhance the percutaneous absorption of certain molecules.
Natural constituent of a number of aromatic plants and their essential oil fraction; it was given GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe) status by the Flavor and Extract Manufacturer's Association FEMA in 1965 and approved by the FDA for food use. Controls airway mucus hypersecretion and asthma via anti-inflammatory cytokine inhibition.
Effective treatment for nonpurulent rhinosinusitis. Reduces inflammation and pain. Also found in mouthwash and cough suppressant.
Anti-oxidant, acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, mild sedative. Also found in lilacs.
Anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-proliferative (inhibits cancer cell growth). Also found in cloves.
Anti-oxidant, anti-fungal, anti-cancer, and antimicrobial activity.
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LAYER 4: FLAVONOIDS —
Types of qualities naturally embedded equal flavonoids, i.e. washable, dry clean only, preshrunk, ironable, wrinkle-resistant.
Flavonoids are a diverse group of phytonutrients (plant chemicals) found in almost all fruits and vegetables, and in Cannabis. Along with carotenoids, they are responsible for the vivid colors in fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids are the largest group of phytonutrients, with more than 6,000 types, or too many to list.
The main function of flavonoids is to protect plants, and, at the cellular level, to serve as cell cycle regulators. Supplied with food for the human body, the flavonoids exhibit high biological activity and display antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiallergic properties.
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In conclusion, let's review the fabric of cannabis supplementation success:
• squares of fabric?
—Cannabis, Layer 1
• type or material of fabric?
—Cannabinoids, Layer 2
• pattern of fabric?
—Terpenes, Layer 3
• qualities or taste of fabric?
—Flavonoids, Layer 4
• mixed altogether in your daily cannabis regimen?
—The Entourage Effect that creates your final cannabis supplementation regimen.
As a savvy cannabis consumer, now you have the knowledge to make your own cannabis quilt. Put all four layers together and voila: your balance blanket is ready for use.